4.A Identify the contributions of key researchers in the psychology of learning.
4.B Interpret graphs that exhibit the results of learning experiments.
4.C Describe the essential characteristics of insight learning, latent learning, and social learning.
4.D Apply learning principles to explain emotional learning, taste aversion, superstitious behavior, and learned helplessness.
4.E Provide examples of how biological constraints create learning predispositions.
This program discusses the basic principles of how we learn; classical, instrumental, and operant conditioning; and the role that stimuli and consequences play in learned behavior and habits.
4.F Describe basic classical conditioning phenomena.
4.G Distinguish general differences between principles of classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning.
Dairy Farmers Strawberry Milk
Silver Dragees Sugar Cake Sprinkles
published the results of an experiment on conditioning after originally studying digestion in dogs.
launches the behavioral school of psychology (classical conditioning), publishing an article, "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It".
conditioned an orphan called Albert B (aka Little Albert) to fear a white rat.
wrote "The Behavior of Organisms" and introduced the concepts of operant conditioning and shaping.
Classical conditioning (also known as Pavlovian conditioning) involves forming an association between two stimuli resulting in a learned response. It was first studied by Ivan Pavlov in 1897.
What if the Balloon was blue?
4.H Predict the effects of operant conditioning.
4.I Predict how practice, schedules of reinforcement, other aspects of reinforcement, and motivation will influence quality of learning.
Operant Conditioning is a method of learning that employs rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence (whether negative or positive) for that behavior.
Reinforcement and Punishment can be both
Positive (+) and Negative (-)
Positive (+) you add something
Negative (-) you take something away
Teach rats to drive cars!
Sheldon conditions Penny
Is it Classical or Operant?
In each of the following descriptions of learning situations, you are asked to identify whether classical or operant conditioning best applies. Further, you are asked to determine what learning principle(s) seem relevant.
4.J Suggest how behavior modification, biofeedback, coping strategies, and self-control can be used to address behavioral problems.
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